Body Biochemicals 8 Test Kit

More hormones and other body biochemicals particularly ones associated with the Citric Acid Cycle (Krebs Cycle).

Citric Acid Cycle is also known as the TCA cycle (tricarboxylic acid cycle) or the Krebs cycle. It is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to release stored energy through the oxidation of acetyl-CoA derived from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, into adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and carbon dioxide. In addition, the cycle provides precursors of certain amino acids, as well as the reducing agent NADH, that are used in numerous other reactions. Its central importance to many biochemical pathways suggests that it was one of the earliest established components of cellular metabolism and may have originated abiogenically. Even though it is branded as a 'cycle', it is not necessary for metabolites to follow only one specific route; at least three segments of the citric acid cycle have been recognised. (Wikipedia).   25 vials

(When ordering any kits remember to order storage boxes for the vials, if required. Go to our test kit accessories section)

 

Code

Name

Description

BB 176

Aconitase

An essential enzyme in the citric acid cycle and iron regulatory protein 1 interacts with messenger RNA to control the levels of iron inside cells.

BB 177

Alkaline Phosphatase / ALP

Present in all tissues throughout the entire body, but is particularly concentrated in liver, bile duct, kidney, bone, and the placenta; high levels can occur if the bile ducts are obstructed, in Paget's Disease of bone and in untreated coeliac disease.

BB 178

Alpha-Ketoglutarate Dehydrogenase

Part of citric acid cycle; catalyses the conversion of α-ketoglutarate to succinyl-CoA and produces NADH directly providing electrons for the respiratory chain.

BB 179

Alpha-Ketoglutaric Acid (AKA)

A key intermediate in the citric acid cycle, coming after isocitrate and before succinyl CoA.

BB 180

Asparagine

An amino acid required for development and function of the brain; also plays an important role in the synthesis of ammonia.

BB 181

Cis-Aconitic Acid

An intermediate in the isomerisation of citrate to isocitrate in the citric acid cycle.

BB 182

Citrate Synthase

An enzyme active in all cells, where it is most often responsible for catalysing the first reaction of the citric acid cycle (the condensation of acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate to form citrate).

BB 183

Creatinine

A waste product that comes from the normal wear and tear on muscles of the body.

BB 184

Dihydrotestosterone / DHT / Androstanolone / Stanolone

Involved in sexual differentiation of the male genitalia during embryogenesis, maturation of the penis and scrotum at puberty, growth of facial, body, and pubic hair, and development and maintenance of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles. It is produced from testosterone, a less potent hormone, by the enzyme 5α-reductase in select tissues.

CiBB 185

Fumarase / Fumarate Hydratase

Participates in two metabolic pathways (citric acid cycle and reductive citric acid cycle); is also important in renal cell carcinoma.

BB 186

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin / hCG

A hormone produced by the placenta after implantation; its presence of hCG is detected in some pregnancy tests (HCG pregnancy strip tests); also produced by some cancer tumours.

BB 187

Isocitrate

Involved in citric acid cycle.

 

BB 188

Isocitrate Dehydrogenase

Involved in the citric acid cycle; responsible for catalysing the reversible conversion of isocitrate to alpha-ketoglutarate and CO2 in a two-step reaction.

BB 189

Lipotropin

Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland which promotes the release of fat reserves from the liver into the bloodstream.

BB 190

Malate Dehydrogenase

An enzyme in the citric acid cycle that catalyses the conversion of malate into oxaloacetate (using NAD+) and vice versa.

BB 191

NADH / Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide

Involved in citric acid cycle; a co-enzyme required for the production of energy in cells. Its effects include the stimulation of dopamine, noradrenaline, and serotonin receptors, by which mechanism it is thought to increase mental alertness and clarity and improve concentration.

BB 192

Nagalase / α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase

An extracellular matrix-degrading enzyme that is secreted by cancerous cells in the process of tumour invasion. It is also an intrinsic component of the envelope protein of various virions, such as HIV and the influenza virus. Thus, it is also secreted from virus-infected cells.

BB 193

Oxaloacetate / Oxalacetic Acid

A metabolic intermediate in many processes that occur in the body, including gluconeogenesis, urea cycle, glyoxylate cycle, amino acid synthesis, fatty acid synthesis and citric acid cycle.

BB 194

Phenylalanine Hydroxylase

An enzyme that catalyses the hydroxylation of the aromatic side-chain of phenylalanine to generate tyrosine.

BB 195

Proglucagon

A precursor of glucagon, and several other components; generated in the alpha cells of the pancreas and in the intestinal L cells in the distal ileum and colon.

BB 196

Proinsulin

The prohormone precursor to insulin made in the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans, specialized regions of the pancreas: There are higher concentrations of proinsulin after meals and lower levels when a person is fasting. Increased levels of proinsulin in the circulatory system relative to mature insulin concentrations can indicate impending insulin resistance and the development of type 2 diabetes.

BB 197

Selenocysteine

Amino acid present in several enzymes (for example glutathione peroxidases, tetraiodothyronine 5' deiodinases, thioredoxin reductases, formate dehydrogenases, glycine reductases, and some hydrogenases).

BB 198

Succinate

Part of citric acid cycle;  also used as a supplement for symptoms related to menopause such as hot flushes and irritability.

BB 199

Succinyl-Coenzyme A Synthetase /Succinyl-CoA synthetase / Succinate Thiokinase / Succinate-CoA Ligase

The only enzyme in the citric acid cycle that catalyses a reaction in which a nucleoside triphosphate (GTP or ATP) is formed by substrate-level phosphorylation. Defective SCS has been implemented as a cause of Fatal Infantile Lactic Acidosis.

BB 200

Tetrahydrobiopterin

Used in the degradation of phenylalanine and in the biosynthesis of some neurotransmitters (serotonin, melatonin, dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine); also a cofactor for the production of nitric oxide (NO) by the nitric oxide synthases.

(TKbb8)

SKU TKbb8

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